About 300 years after the death of Jesus, Christianity began, starting in the Roman Empire. Christianity
is an evangelistic religion, meaning its followers are taught to spread the news. This has helped Christianity spread from
Palestine to Europe, Western Asia, and Northern Africa. During
the 17th century, the early European settlers in America took
their Christian faith with them, and in the 19th century, Christianity saw a large expansion when missionaries
followed European colonists into many parts of Africa and Asia. There are nearly 2 billion
Christians in the world today, belonging to the 3 major groups of Christianity; Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox. These
groups share the same basic beliefs but teach different doctrines.
Jesus the Christ
Jesus was born in a town called Bethlehem in about
4 BC, under the rule of Herod the Great. The Gospels Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John (The first four books of the New Testament
of the Bible), discuss the birth, life and death of Christ. According to these books, the Angel Gabriel appeared to Mary,
telling her that she had found favor with the Lord, and was chosen to bring God’s son into the world. This was a miraculous
event because Mary was a virgin, but still impregnated. Mary and her fiancÚ Joseph went to Bethlehem to pay taxes to Caesar, and gave birth to Jesus in a manger because there was no
room in the inn. Wise men and Shepherds came to visit the baby, because they were told that he was the Savior of the world.