Dietes and Worship
- Hinduism has been constantly growing and developing for over four thousand years.
- Brahma (the creator), Vishnu (the god of protection), and Shiva (the destroyer), are the 3
- Hindus have personal shrines in their homes to worship whatever god they choose to worship.
- DEVI: menas "the goddess". All hindu goddesses display one of her many characteristics; Parvati
is one of her caring incarnations, while Durga and Kali are two of her violent ones.
- SARASVATI: "god of the arts". SHe is often displayed sitting on a lotus or holding a book
and a vina. She is wife of the creator.
- KALI is the slayer of demons. She is shown carrying the head of a giant that she has slain.
- VISHNU is the protector. Whenever the world is threatened by evil, he appears as one of his
avatars to save the day.
- KRISHNA is the 8th avatar of Vishnu. He had a happy childhood.
Beleifs of Hindus
- SAMSARA: Samsara is the cycle of death and rebirth.
- MOKSHA:The aim of this religion is to attain moksha. moksha is freedom from samsara.
- There are three ways in which one might achieve moksha:1)jhana marga (the path of wisdom).
2)karma marga, the path of action. 3) bhakti marga, the path of devotion.
- DHARMA: your moral duty. the
HIndu Scriptures say that it is important to follow your own dharma, and no one elses.
- AHIMSA is the respect for all living things. Failure to do so will result in bad Karma or an
- Instead of one holy book, Hinduism has many sacred texts. Shruti (revealed) texts and Smriti
(remembered) texts are two types of sacred texts.
- VEDAS: "knowledge". There are four collections to the Vedas; Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda, and Atharva Veda.
- Mahabharata: longest poem ever written.
- Although temples are important to the Hindu
Religion, the majority of worship takes place in the home.
- Each temple contains a statue, known as a murtis, of a god. Puja is worshp in honor of
- Prasada is a food offering made by the priests. These offerings include cooked rice, fruit,
- The most important festival, Khumba
Mela, takes place every 12 years at Allahabad.
- Shivaratri is a national festival that takes place in March to honor the Diety
- Navaratri is the festival of 9 nights, and is held in September or October.
Its main feature is the goddess Durga.
- Dassera is a festival that occurs the day after Navaratri dedicated to celebrate
- A pilgramage is a rigorous journey on which one hopes to get closer to God.